Born in Chiaravalle in the Province of Ancona in 1870, Marai Montessori was the first woman to practice medicine in Italy, having graduated from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Rome in 1896. As a physician , Dr. Montessori was in touch with young children and became profoundly interested in their development. Through careful and exhaustive study, she realized that children could construct their own personalities as they interact with their environment. She also observed the manner in which they leaned as they spontaneously chose and worked with the audio-didactic materials she provided. Her approach to education stemmed from a solid grounding in biology, psychiatry and anthropology. She studied children of all races and cultures in many countries around the world, soon seeing the university of the laws of human development played out before her. She continued her observations throughout her life, widening and deepening her understanding until her death in 1952.
Maria Montessori with her spontaneous study in education started her own method which we call it today the “Montessori Method”.In her own words,“It is not true that I invented what is called the Montessori Method. I have studied the child, I have taken what the child has given me and expressed it, and that is what is called the Montessori Method.” So, with her scientific study she opened her first Casa dei Bambini (Children House ) in one of the very poorest areas in Rome on the 6th of January 1907.
“My method is scientific , both in its substance and in its aim.”(MARAI MONTESSORI)